Designing a healthy eating plate

There is not one eating plan for all to follow. The types and amount of food depend on a person’s, age, gender, weight, level of physical activity and taste. Some people, such as those with diabetes, might follow a more regimented plan.

Food does more than satisfy one’s palate. Researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health analyzed four healthy eating patterns that emphasize higher intake of fruits, veggies, whole grains, legumes and nuts, and lower intake of red and processed meats and sugar-sweetened beverages. They discovered that study participants who adhered more diligently to these patterns had a 14% to 21% lower risk of cardiovascular disease compared to those who adhered the least.

In addition, healthy eating was significantly associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease, which causes most heart attacks, and the lower risk persists across racial and ethnic groups .

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